The upcoming week of class discusses the topic of Intellectual properties and deals with copyright issues. The “Fair Use” doctrine is a part of the copyright law and is summed up in 4 standards.
- The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes.
- The nature of the copyrighted work
- The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
- The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work
The fair use doctrine seems to basically be a way to determine whether or not someone can be convicted of infringement. According to this document it is OK to reproduce someone’s material when criticizing, commenting, or news reporting or doing other things along these lines.
To me it seems as if the only time that an infringement issue surfaces is because of money issues. Both of the articles to read for this week both involve the reproduction of material taking potential profits away from the sources creator.
The four fair use standards can be found here: Fair Use.